In dealing with the implementation of the Board’s mandate advanced knowledge of the relevant provisions in the Constitution, the Local Government: Municipal Demarcation Act, 1998, and the Local Government: Municipal Structures Act, 1998 is essential.
The Constitution deals with the Board’s mandate pertaining to demarcation of municipal boundaries, the electoral system for local government, and the powers and functions of municipalities.
The Board’s mandate pertaining to the determination of municipal boundaries is provided for in detail in the Local Government: Municipal Demarcation Act, 1998, and its mandate pertaining to ward delimitation, capacity assessments, and district management areas in the Local Government: Municipal Structures Act, 1998.
The legislation provides for the following functions of the Board:
- determination and re-determination of municipal boundaries;
- delimitation of wards for local elections;
- assessment of the capacity of district and local municipalities to perform their functions as provided for in the Constitution and the Structures Act; and
- the declaration and withdrawal of the declaration of district management areas.
In addition Cabinet approved a leading role for the Board in assisting Government Departments in aligning their functional service delivery boundaries to municipal boundaries.